THE GARDEN CITY GARBATELLA: HOUSING TYPOLOGY AND URBAN MORPHOLOGY IN THE INTERVENTION OF THE SOCIAL HOUSING INSTITUTE IN ROME
Francesca Romana Stabile
In Rome, Garbatella is an important part of the built and urban heritage of the 20th century. The peculiar characteristics of the neighborhood have also been recently recognized on an international scale and confirm the significance and newness of the typological and morphological situation set up in the ‘20s by the Social Housing Institute in Rome (ICP, Istituto per le Case Popolari).
The Foundation of the Garden City Garbatella
On January 31st, 1920, Paolo Orlando, the President of the SMIR (Autonomous Association for Marine and Industrial Development in Rome), and Vincenzo Magaldi, President of the ICP, signed the sale deed of a plot of land of 34,315.44 sqm. This acquisition is the first step toward the birth of the garden city Garbatella, realized throughout a decade through the progressive design of over 44 building lots.