THE PNRR AND INFRASTRUCTURES FOR SUSTAINABLE MOBILITY
The National Recovery and Resilience Plan allocates 222 billion euros, considering European and national resources, to recover, by 2026, the economic consequences of the pandemic crisis and remove the weaknesses that prevent the country’s development, favoring the ecological and digital transition. Regarding this objective, we note the massive investments envisaged to promote sustainable mobility. About a quarter of the resources for construction is allocated to Mission 3, relating to “Infrastructures for sustainable mobility”, which intends to make an important contribution to the creation of a modern, digitized and sustainable infrastructure system capable of responding to the challenge of decarbonisation indicated by the European Union with the strategies connected to the European Green Deal and to achieve the sustainable development objectives identified by the 2030 agenda of the United Nations. The Mission mostly includes high-speed railway works to strengthen the country’s North-South and East-West connections and interventions to raise the technological and safety standards of the railway network and its main nodes. Only for the railway networks, essential for the ecological transition, around 24 billion euros are foreseen (the so-called “iron cure”). The infrastructural picture is also completed by interventions on the Italian port system, for over 3 billion euros, which will allow an increase in the volumes of passengers and goods and a consequent reduction in road traffic and climate-altering emissions.