Any city that considers itself or aspires to become internationally competitive, now contains projects designed to respond to the “inexorable” and global phenomenon of the progressive rise in the number of people living in large cities. Densification is considered the most effective and most environmentally sustainable remedy against the consumption of more land. This phenomenon is affecting numerous communities in different geographic areas of the world whose urban development policies, a response to the pressing demand for new housing, appear to be dictated more by economic logics than by effective principles of environmental and social sustainability. This is demonstrated on the one hand by the preference for vertical development and, on the other hand, by the disappearance of the individual and the sphere of personal emotions; people are reduced to mere users of housing that, be it high-end or low-cost, proposes standardised solutions dictated by market logics that show little interest in the expectations of inhabitants or the research of architects. The selection of projects presented in this issue offers a partial though significant cross section of this trend, focusing on examples of high quality architecture. However, it takes more than the formal exploits, no matter how interesting, of internationally recognised architects, capable of skilfully and inventively overcoming stringent restrictions imposed by the over-concentration of people and things in a single project, to convince us that this is the correct way forward. Many questions and issues introduce a broader debate on the themes of dwelling and urban densification.Considered today, in the context of the global pandemic, these issues are as actual as ever and cause for further reflection. This is the context, backed by an awareness of the possibility to improve equilibriums in both the relationships between built and unbuilt space and the distribution of people and resources, of three introductory essays exploring alternative models of development that once again place housing and its relations with the city and territory at the centre of the interests of the community and urban planning policies.
DWELLING IN VILLAGES, CITIES AND HORIZONTAL METROPOLISES - Pg. 4
FROM EXPANSION TO DENSIFICATION. ARCHITECTURAL SCENARIOS FROM HOME TO CITY – Pg. 13
A DIFFERENT APPROACH TO DENSIFICATION: RULES AND CONDITIONS OF URBAN TRANSFORMATION - Pag. 24
Marco Peverini, Federica Rotondo, Paola Savoldi
For its scale and typology, this complex of 40 flats designed by Sophie Delhay in a semi-peripheral region of Dijon represents the element of transition between the pattern of single-family homes bordering the southern edge of the lot and the planned constructions of the renewal plan to which this project belongs. This is the scenario in which Sophie Delhay recently completed “La Quadrata”. The organisation, appearance and function of the building are centred around the dwelling unit. Each single flat, and the structure on the whole, take their individual form from a juxtaposition of modular spaces based on an isotropic scheme without hierarchies, exceptions or dimensional variations. What distinguishes the project is a unique approach to circulation: the maximum reduction and optimisation of all connecting elements, both in each single dwelling unit and the overall configuration of the building.
VITTORIO GREGOTTI. LA GRANDE ILLUSIONE – Pg. 112
Valerio Paolo Mosco
- Ricomporre il territorio informale. Strategie per abitare le favelas di San Paolo – Pg. 116
- TECLA. Un habitat eco-sostenibile stampato in 3D in terra cruda- Pg. 122
LIBRI - Pg. 125
NOTIZIE - Pg. 126
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